"No one is to disturb another in his speech, by hissing, coughing, spitting, speaking or whispering to another , nor to pass between the Speaker and the speaking Member, nor to go across the House, or walk up and down it, or to take books or papers from the table, or write there"

~ Thomas Jefferson, Manual of Parliamentary practice Section 17 

  •  After being recognized by the chair, the speaker has the exclusive right to be heard at that time. RONR (11th ed.),  p. 29, ll. 10-15, p. 383 ll. 31 - 34

  • Interruptions are only permitted when the urgency of the situation justifies it  RONR (11th ed.), p. 384 l. 1


  • Obtaining and Assigning the Floor.  Before a member can speak, s/he must be recognized by the  chair as having the exclusive right to be heard at that time.  RONR (11th ed.), p. 29, ll. 10-15

  • The chair initiates debate by stating the motion

  • Afterwards - 
    1.      one speaker at a time
    2.      one motion at a time